乔治·卢卡斯教育基金会 庆祝30



Colorful found kitchen objects
vedrana2701 / Twenty20

社会斯图dies students regularly consider the past through its written and material culture, whether that means diving into daily life in colonial America through letters or examining ancient coins to better understand the spread of the Roman Empire.

学生可以通过将这种方法应用于自己的日常生活中的项目来学到很多有关历史学家的工作。I’ve found that if I remind my students that in the future, our lives and culture will be reconstructed in a similar fashion, they’re intrigued, and if I challenge them to imagine what a student 100 or 200 years from now might infer when examining a contemporary artifact, they’re keen to get to work.



“人工制品”根据National Geographic, “is an object made by a human being. Artifacts include art, diaries, tools, and clothing made by people of any time and place.”

When you introduce this activity to your students, emphasize to them how many objects fall under the umbrella of “artifact.” Musical instruments, written material, kitchenware, school supplies, jewelry, and athletic apparel are all artifacts.

学生可以通过查看示例,强调历史学家如何从任何物质文化的任何例子中得出重要的结论,从而受益。指向博物馆中的艺术品的学生,例如展示中in the National Museum of African American History and Culture. Ancient Greek pottery and Egyptian sarcophagi are artifacts, but so are the objects housed at theNational Videogame Museum,拉斯维加斯霓虹灯博物馆, and theInternational Banana Museum,拥有“ 25,000种与香蕉有关的物品和图片”。




  • 谁使用它?原因你是这样认为的。
  • What was it used for? List reasons you think so.
  • 这告诉您制造和使用它的人?
  • What does it tell you about technology at the time it was made?

同样,国会图书馆提供检查的建议各种主要来源,并提供有用的analysis tool

Step 3: Have Students Choose and Research an Artifact


The next part is the hardest and takes some imagination. Ask students to pretend they are a researcher, archaeologist, or student in the future conducting a detailed analysis of the artifact in question, and have them answer the following questions about the artifact:

  • 它的意义是什么?
  • How does it exemplify the culture of 2021?
  • 这对21世纪初期的社会有什么暗示?
  • 它对2021年的技术有何评论?


  • Assign a writing response in which students must make evidence-based conclusions.
  • 要求学生同行编辑另一个学生的结论,并密切关注支持索赔的方式。
  • Evaluate how differing interpretations of the artifact could shape the way history is made.
  • 考虑工件对信仰系统,商业,技术或社会组织的看法。


Once students have gathered and analyzed their own artifacts, I ask them to share the artifacts with the class (physically if we are in a classroom or via an image uploaded to the discussion board if I’m teaching remotely) and task them with analyzing another student’s artifact in the same way they analyzed their own.

As I review the images and comments in real time, I call on students to further explain what their own artifact says about society or to elaborate on their analysis of someone else’s artifact. When I wasn’t teaching remotely, I also took my class on a walk around the school and had them analyze everyday objects, such as posters in the hallways, signs for upcoming school events, trophies, murals, and classroom resources, with the eye of an archaeologist seeing them for the first time.

A few of the everyday objects my students have identified as their artifacts were a family photo album, a school-issued iPad, and a Christmas tree, which led their classmates to make inferences not only about the student to whom the artifact belonged but about the larger society and culture. These discussions ranged from the technological proficiency and socioeconomics of a school capable of providing one-to-one devices to what a Christmas tree might tell us about religious or secular customs.



When working with artifacts, consider incorporating David Macaulay’sMotel of the Mysteries, a humorous children’s book about an archaeologist in the future who discovers an American motel room from 1985 and tries to understand its artifacts (he assumes that the TV, for instance, is an altar).



  • 电子邮件图标


  • 批判性思考
  • Inquiry-Based Learning
  • Teaching Strategies
  • 社会研究/历史
  • 6-8 Middle School
  • 9-12高中

Follow Edutopia

  • facebook icon
  • Twitter图标
  • instagram icon
  • Pinterest图标
  • YouTube图标
  • 隐私政策
  • 使用条款